Known as an Italian rhinoplasty, the Taliacotian Operation was for the restoration or repair of lost or mutilated noses. It was first described by Gaspare Tagliacozzi in De Curtorum Chirurgia per Insitione in 1597. As syphilis raged throughout 16th-century Europe, the ‘saddle nose’ became a mark of shame, symbolizing the victim’s moral and bodily corruption. Others lost theirs in similar fights, or to cancerous tumors that ate away the cartilage on their faces. Some, in desperation, turned to surgeons to help disguise their deformities.
The photograph below shows an infantryman’s recovery from a severe soft-tissue and bony injury to the face caused by a shell fragment in Normandy, July 1944. The entire procedure could take up to 5 months, and no doubt caused considerable pain and discomfort to the patient during the process.
(Source Image URL from The Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)
(Source Image from http://youtu.be/N8oY4G0ZWH8)
Without going into detail, the principle of it is as follows:
- A piece of skin of suitable size was marked out over the left biceps, and defined by two longitudinal incisions, and raised from the subcutaneous cellular tissue, thus being left attached by its two ends only; a piece of linen was pulled below it.
- After a few days the upper end was also divided, and the flap thus contracted. In a few days more the sides of the old nose were made raw, and the upper free surface of the flap also made raw and stitched to them, the arm being fastened up by a most elaborate series of bandages.
- After a fortnight in this position, the last attachment of the flap to the arm was severed, and the new nose could then be modeled at pleasure.
Was my antique store find made by the Heisman Trophy sculptor?
Published on Jan 14, 2016 ‧ 3 min read ‧
When I bought this sculpture a year ago, I knew right away it was a model for skin grafting in nasal reconstruction first described in …